How to Install Hardwood Floors

Tools needed for installing hardwood flooring include;

  • Tape measure
  • Hammer
  • Nail set
  • Flooring nails
  • Drill bits
  • Safety goggles/ boots
  • Knee pads
  • Dust masks
  • Circular, table and miter saws

Step by Step Guide to Install Hardwood Floors

Choosing the flooring

Before installing your flooring, you need to choose on the type of wood floor you need and their things to determine first before purchasing your hardwood flooring.

What to consider before purchasing hardwood flooring

How to Install Hardwood Floors

Establishing the Square footage

Before beginning to install any flooring be it laminated or hardwood flooring, you need to measure the room to check the square footage per box. This is done by measuring the width and the length of the room then multiplying them to get the square-foot measurements. It is recommended to buy 10 to 15% more boards than you require to cover the waste and cuts when installing the floor.

Measurements of the adjacent rooms

Additionally, remember to measure the floors in the adjacent rooms. You generally need to match the thickness of the floors of the adjoining rooms, so you don’t have a slot of uneven floor fittings in the house. You always want to ensure uniformity in the floor fittings to avoid repairs overtime. Measurements of the floors of the adjoining rooms will help you in installing the floor in the right way to match the thickness.

Buying the flooring and acclimating it to your home.

When you have your flooring, carry it into the house or the region it will be installed and let it adapt to the atmosphere in the space for a couple of days. The moistness of your home can influence the flooring, so you never need to install it that day you buy it.

Set up the subfloor and take out the baseboards

set up the sub-floor that the hardwood is being installed. remove the old floor covering to discover old sections of the sub-floor underneath. Check the floor to ensure its pleasant and level and do any important work level the subfloor on the off chance that you have to. Thump down any old nail heads around the room to be installed the flooring, take out any staples and anything standing up from the floor. Afterward, completely clean the region with a shop vac.

The layout of the flooring

Next, you need to decide the design of your flooring in your space. spread out certain pieces or measure the width of the board’s sheets to figure out where they’ll arrange. this to ensure that you won’t have any fragment slices or crazy formed pieces to manage during installment. Remember that numerous old homes walls are out of square so modify your estimations as needs are. On the off chance that you discover you’ll have a clumsy cut piece, adjust your pieces where you will line them up, so you don’t have any truly slim pieces at the end to manage.

Additionally, figure out what format will enable you to cut the least pieces. When you have your layout figured out, start installing a vapor boundary on the floor. Red Rosin paper is a modest item that has been around for a while, hence there are different items for this. Spread it out in the room and cover it by 4-6″ with each row. Now you’re prepared to begin installing your hardwood flooring. On your first lines, you may need to face nail the columns set up with a nailer to hold them up.

Ensure you leave an extension hole around the edges of the floor at each divider. This takes into consideration the flooring to grow and contract with changes in season and moistness. Pursue any markings you spread out on the floor during the layout stage to ensure you’re laying the ground surface effectively. When you have the initial board’s rows installed, you can utilize the floor nailer. use a little bit of the real flooring as a tap square to ensure the pieces are solidly situated in their furrows before shooting them in the right place. 

Door casing trimming

When you get to door frames, utilize a bit of the flooring to go about like a drop check to remove the base of the casings at the tallness of the flooring and afterward slide the new ground surface underneath. Try not to cut flooring around them since it looks awful. Additionally, broadening the floor into the focal point of the supports and afterward, later you can return and install a change or limit piece to match the floors from different adjoining rooms together.

Transition and finish all the pieces

Go through the whole room checking for any errors and when you get to the last line, face nail it closer to the wall. You can fix any face nail gaps with similar wood putty or spread them with the baseboard or shoe forming that you pick. finish nail should not at any point be seen or be noticed by anyone on the floor.

Finally, fix any edge pieces. These might be extra items you have to buy as a major aspect of your flooring request. Consult with your flooring retailer and let them recognize what sorts of changes you need. you can now install whatever baseboard or shoe forming you pick, and you are done with this venture.


For home owners, the best wood depends on the price, hardness, and color. A certain wood may be good for one person and not preferred by another. Before installing your flooring, you need to choose on the type of wood floor you need and their things to determine first before purchasing your hardwood flooring.  It’s usually down to the home owner’s lifestyle and preference when choosing. When choosing for woods you need to consider their reaction to changes in weather and temperature changes. You need to consider where you are installing the wood flooring either in the basement or other rooms.

One must find the balance between the woods because there is no wood that is better than the other, considering one of the challenges of solid wood’s ability to contract and expand in different natural humidity and variations.  Remember to acclimate your wood for a few days before the installation process. Buy extra board to cover for the wasted ones during cutting,

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